Argentine wine, like much of South America, has its roots in Spain. With the arrival of the Spanish, their winemaking heritage came with them. Historically, Argentine winemakers were traditionally more interested in quantity than quality with the country consuming 90% of the wine it produced. However, the desire to increase exports fueled vast advances in the wines quality. Argentine wines started being exported during the 1990s and have grown greatly in popularity and continue to advance in quality.
Due to the high altitude and low humidity of the main wine producing regions, Argentine vineyards rarely face the problems of insects, fungi, molds and other grape diseases that affect vineyards in other countries. There is quite a few grape varietal grown in Argentina reflecting the world's influence on this area. The French brought Malbec, which makes most of Argentina's best-known wines that has brought much attention to the area. The Italians brought vines that they called Bonarda, also a common red wine in Argentina. Most of the vineyards in Argentina are planted on ungrafted rootstock lending nice depth and character to the wines. Noble Varietals; Malbec, Bonarda, Torrontés, Cabernet Sauvignon.